17, the Shanghai municipal government officially issued "on the further deepening of Shanghai state owned enterprises to promote the development of opinions", respectively established the goal from the layout of state-owned assets, state-owned assets management, state-owned enterprise level, the reform scheme involves the regulatory classification of state-owned enterprises, state-owned mobile platform to build equity incentive expansion 20 rules. This indicates that the Shanghai state capital, which is second only to the state-owned capital system of the central enterprises, began to start the deep reform after the reform five years ago. It is worth noting that the popular market of the Shanghai state owned stocks in early trading have strong industry trading, the Chinese enterprises, the first medicine, Lansheng shares rose more than 3%, Shanghai steel union. It is understood that the so-called "twenty item" reform plan has been discussed for more than a year, which has been basically finalized before the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and is released to the public after implementing the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the third plenary session. The "twenty" and the reform direction of setting goals in line six, emphasizes the four key points are improving the SASAC enterprise classification regulation, deepen the system reform, city management corporate governance structure to improve the focus on long-term incentive and restraint mechanism, establish transparent norms of state-owned mobile platform. Observers in an "Economic Reference News" interview with reporters, the biggest highlight of the reform, government supervision of state-owned assets from the steering tube pipe capital, and classification regulation based on classification of state-owned enterprises, and gradually increase the proportion of state-owned capital gains paid. The day before, Shanghai city mayor Yang Xiong at the meeting that the reform of state-owned assets, one of the specific objectives of a new round of state-owned Shanghai reform program is built to coordinate the state assets supervision classification system. The state owned assets supervision and administration institutions shall perform the contributor's duties classification adjustments and management reform, improve the management mode and evaluation system, the formation of the unified rules, classification, clear responsibilities, efficient, standardized and transparent supervision system "the state-owned assets divided into competitive enterprises to highlight the market orientation and the development of industry, enterprises undertake the specific function the functions and tasks, mainly to provide public services or products, improve people's livelihood security insurance public enterprises and other three categories." Yang Xiong said. (this article is taken from the economic reference.)
In the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the party opened a new journey to deepen the reform in an all-round way. The overall deepening of the reform will bring many "dividends" or opportunities for the development of enterprises, of which 10 aspects are particularly worth looking forward to. The opportunity brought by the market-oriented reform. The decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on several major issues of deepening the reform (hereinafter referred to as the decision) put forward the reform of Marketization from the breadth and depth, emphasizing that the market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources and better play the role of the government. This is a significant theoretical innovation, which means that the future economic restructuring will focus on the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, which will bring more opportunities and create better environment for the development of enterprises. The opportunity brought about by the transformation of government functions. The market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources. It is not that the government does nothing in economic work. Rather, it must fulfill the functions of the government in an all-round way, strengthen and improve macroeconomic regulation and control, play a role in making up the market failure and avoid improper intervention in the market. If the function of the government is in place, the operating environment of the enterprise will be further improved. The opportunity brought about by financial reform. From the point of view of production factors, the marketization of interest rate is one of the most desirable reforms. China's labor, technology, knowledge and other factors have a high degree of marketization, but the development of capital and capital market is slow. The financial reform will create a more effective and broader capital market both at home and abroad, and help enterprises to optimize the capital structure and effectively solve the problem of enterprise financing. The opportunity brought by the reform of state-owned enterprises. The decision points out that the management system of state-owned assets should be perfected and the supervision of state-owned assets should be strengthened by the management of capital. In the future, the level of capitalization and marketization of state-owned assets will be accelerated and the reform and reorganization of state-owned enterprises will enter a new stage. This will provide many opportunities for development, either for the state-owned enterprises themselves or for the private enterprises. The opportunity brought about by the reform of the fiscal and tax system. The signal of fiscal reform is passed out gradually increase the proportion of direct taxes, tax structure, tax burden, stable adjustment to strengthen and improve the tax preferential policies. On the whole, it is beneficial to reduce the tax burden of enterprises and promote the adjustment of economic structure. Enterprises should understand and study the possible effects of these adjustments in a timely manner, and adjust the development strategy and management strategy in a timely manner. We will improve the opportunities for the healthy development of urbanization. Now, the demand for investment in some big cities is saturated. The decision put forward to promote the coordinated development of large and medium-sized cities and small towns, the integration of industries and towns, promote the coordinated development of urbanization and new rural construction, and promote the citizenization of agricultural transfer population. This will not only bring about huge changes in urban and rural features, but also contain huge investment demand. We will deepen the opportunities for the reform of the rural production and management system. The "decision" proposed to accelerate the construction of new agricultural management system in farmland protection system to uphold and improve the most stringent under the premise of giving farmers contracted possession, use, income, transfer and contract management right mortgage, hypothec, the development of various forms of the scale of operation; to encourage and guide industrial and commercial capital to the countryside for the development of enterprises the operation of modern breeding industry, the input factors of modern production and management mode to agriculture. These initiatives will not only inject vitality into agriculture and rural areas, but also effectively revitalize rural assets, expand the space for rural economic development, and form a good situation of promoting agriculture through industry. The opportunity brought about by the construction of the ecological civilization system. Improving the property right system and usage control system of natural resources assets, implementing the system of compensated use of resources and the system of ecological compensation may slow down the pace of economic growth to a certain extent, and it will be sad for the government and enterprises. However, the construction of the ecological civilization system will force the transformation and development of enterprises and economy. This will not only improve the ecological environment, but also make the enterprises get more space for development and stronger market competitiveness. The opportunity brought about by the reform of the open system. Access to the relaxation of investment, accelerate the construction of free trade zones, expanding inland border open, and improve the RMB exchange rate formation mechanism market, accelerate the Renminbi capital account convertibility, and increase the world especially the neighboring countries cooperation, China will comprehensively improve the level of the open economy, is conducive to the use of global resources of China's enterprises to enter the international market and. The opportunity brought about by the reform of social undertakings. There will be a great development in the future for the elderly, health and education. The reform and development of social undertakings can not only promote the development of related industries, but also generate indirect and spillover economic benefits, so that the economic and social environment for the survival and development of enterprises will be more favorable.