17, the Shanghai municipal government officially issued "on the further deepening of Shanghai state owned enterprises to promote the development of opinions", respectively established the goal from the layout of state-owned assets, state-owned assets management, state-owned enterprise level, the reform scheme involves the regulatory classification of state-owned enterprises, state-owned mobile platform to build equity incentive expansion 20 rules. This indicates that the Shanghai state capital, which is second only to the state-owned capital system of the central enterprises, began to start the deep reform after the reform five years ago. It is worth noting that the popular market of the Shanghai state owned stocks in early trading have strong industry trading, the Chinese enterprises, the first medicine, Lansheng shares rose more than 3%, Shanghai steel union. It is understood that the so-called "twenty item" reform plan has been discussed for more than a year, which has been basically finalized before the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and is released to the public after implementing the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the third plenary session. The "twenty" and the reform direction of setting goals in line six, emphasizes the four key points are improving the SASAC enterprise classification regulation, deepen the system reform, city management corporate governance structure to improve the focus on long-term incentive and restraint mechanism, establish transparent norms of state-owned mobile platform. Observers in an "Economic Reference News" interview with reporters, the biggest highlight of the reform, government supervision of state-owned assets from the steering tube pipe capital, and classification regulation based on classification of state-owned enterprises, and gradually increase the proportion of state-owned capital gains paid. The day before, Shanghai city mayor Yang Xiong at the meeting that the reform of state-owned assets, one of the specific objectives of a new round of state-owned Shanghai reform program is built to coordinate the state assets supervision classification system. The state owned assets supervision and administration institutions shall perform the contributor's duties classification adjustments and management reform, improve the management mode and evaluation system, the formation of the unified rules, classification, clear responsibilities, efficient, standardized and transparent supervision system "the state-owned assets divided into competitive enterprises to highlight the market orientation and the development of industry, enterprises undertake the specific function the functions and tasks, mainly to provide public services or products, improve people's livelihood security insurance public enterprises and other three categories." Yang Xiong said. (this article is taken from the economic reference.)
In the third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, the party opened a new journey to deepen the reform in an all-round way. The overall deepening of the reform will bring many "dividends" or opportunities for the development of enterprises, of which 10 aspects are particularly worth looking forward to. The opportunity brought by the market-oriented reform. The decision of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China on several major issues of deepening the reform (hereinafter referred to as the decision) put forward the reform of Marketization from the breadth and depth, emphasizing that the market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources and better play the role of the government. This is a significant theoretical innovation, which means that the future economic restructuring will focus on the decisive role of the market in resource allocation, which will bring more opportunities and create better environment for the development of enterprises. The opportunity brought about by the transformation of government functions. The market plays a decisive role in the allocation of resources. It is not that the government does nothing in economic work. Rather, it must fulfill the functions of the government in an all-round way, strengthen and improve macroeconomic regulation and control, play a role in making up the market failure and avoid improper intervention in the market. If the function of the government is in place, the operating environment of the enterprise will be further improved. The opportunity brought about by financial reform. From the point of view of production factors, the marketization of interest rate is one of the most desirable reforms. China's labor, technology, knowledge and other factors have a high degree of marketization, but the development of capital and capital market is slow. The financial reform will create a more effective and broader capital market both at home and abroad, and help enterprises to optimize the capital structure and effectively solve the problem of enterprise financing. The opportunity brought by the reform of state-owned enterprises. The decision points out that the management system of state-owned assets should be perfected and the supervision of state-owned assets should be strengthened by the management of capital. In the future, the level of capitalization and marketization of state-owned assets will be accelerated and the reform and reorganization of state-owned enterprises will enter a new stage. This will provide many opportunities for development, either for the state-owned enterprises themselves or for the private enterprises. The opportunity brought about by the reform of the fiscal and tax system. The signal of fiscal reform is passed out gradually increase the proportion of direct taxes, tax structure, tax burden, stable adjustment to strengthen and improve the tax preferential policies. On the whole, it is beneficial to reduce the tax burden of enterprises and promote the adjustment of economic structure. Enterprises should understand and study the possible effects of these adjustments in a timely manner, and adjust the development strategy and management strategy in a timely manner. We will improve the opportunities for the healthy development of urbanization. Now, the demand for investment in some big cities is saturated. The decision put forward to promote the coordinated development of large and medium-sized cities and small towns, the integration of industries and towns, promote the coordinated development of urbanization and new rural construction, and promote the citizenization of agricultural transfer population. This will not only bring about huge changes in urban and rural features, but also contain huge investment demand. We will deepen the opportunities for the reform of the rural production and management system. The "decision" proposed to accelerate the construction of new agricultural management system in farmland protection system to uphold and improve the most stringent under the premise of giving farmers contracted possession, use, income, transfer and contract management right mortgage, hypothec, the development of various forms of the scale of operation; to encourage and guide industrial and commercial capital to the countryside for the development of enterprises the operation of modern breeding industry, the input factors of modern production and management mode to agriculture. These initiatives will not only inject vitality into agriculture and rural areas, but also effectively revitalize rural assets, expand the space for rural economic development, and form a good situation of promoting agriculture through industry. The opportunity brought about by the construction of the ecological civilization system. Improving the property right system and usage control system of natural resources assets, implementing the system of compensated use of resources and the system of ecological compensation may slow down the pace of economic growth to a certain extent, and it will be sad for the government and enterprises. However, the construction of the ecological civilization system will force the transformation and development of enterprises and economy. This will not only improve the ecological environment, but also make the enterprises get more space for development and stronger market competitiveness. The opportunity brought about by the reform of the open system. Access to the relaxation of investment, accelerate the construction of free trade zones, expanding inland border open, and improve the RMB exchange rate formation mechanism market, accelerate the Renminbi capital account convertibility, and increase the world especially the neighboring countries cooperation, China will comprehensively improve the level of the open economy, is conducive to the use of global resources of China's enterprises to enter the international market and. The opportunity brought about by the reform of social undertakings. There will be a great development in the future for the elderly, health and education. The reform and development of social undertakings can not only promote the development of related industries, but also generate indirect and spillover economic benefits, so that the economic and social environment for the survival and development of enterprises will be more favorable.
Marx's theory of ownership argues that the nature of ownership determines the form of realization of ownership. However, the form of ownership does not necessarily correspond to ownership. At present, the mixed ownership economy has gradually become the main form of public ownership, has become an important form of realization of the basic socialist economic system, and the mixed ownership economy approved and used is the use of capital, which is not only in the theory of the essence of socialism under the guidance of the ideological emancipation of major achievements, and understanding of the relationship between the essence of socialism and further enrich the public ownership. Mixed ownership economy can be compatible with different ownership, breaking the traditional public ownership economy especially the state-owned property rights of single virtual home and other ills, can better adapt to the basic requirements of economic diversification and asset management market and market economy, to build up a bridge between public ownership and market economy". At the same time, by absorbing the non-public economy to participate in the state-owned enterprises, the investment subject is truly diversified and the corporate governance structure can be effectively run. The mixed ownership economy is not to deny the dominant position of the socialist public ownership. On the contrary, it is fundamental to unswervingly consolidate and develop the public sector of the economy. Public ownership refers to the dominance of state-owned assets in the total social assets, and the state economy controls the lifeline of the national economy and plays a leading role in the development of the economy. In the socialist system, the public ownership economy plays a dominant role in the ownership structure, playing a role in controlling, guiding and safeguarding the national economy, and promoting the development of the socialist economy with Chinese characteristics to a comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable way. The public ownership of production data is the economic basis of socialism and determines the nature of the socialist society. To adhere to the public ownership is to adhere to the socialist direction. At the same time, the insistence on the subject of public ownership is the objective requirement of the development of China's productive forces and the mode of production at the present stage. In the process of economic globalization, the public sector of the economy, especially the state owned economy, is still the main force to maintain the competition between the national economy and the foreign monopoly capital. However, if the public sector of the economy lacks vitality, a large number of state-owned enterprises are losing money, a large number of state-owned assets will be lost, and the depreciation of state capital is shrinking, the public sector of the economy will not only be unconvincing, but also difficult to assume the role of the main body. The affirmation of mixed ownership is a breakthrough and innovation to a relatively single ownership structure, and a bold attempt to reform the state owned enterprise. As a form of capital organization of state-owned enterprises, it does not have to change the nature of state-owned enterprises, nor is it aimed at denying public ownership, but to manage state-owned assets through other assets, so as to realize the preservation and appreciation of state-owned capital and enhance competitiveness. In the past, it was generally believed that in the socialist system, the state owned enterprises should be taken as the carrier for the production and operation of the state-owned assets. However, the situation of state-owned enterprises makes us realize that when state owned enterprises lack vitality or poor management, or even cause corruption due to institutional defects, the idle and drain of state assets will become an unavoidable reality. The mixed ownership economy will help to realize the capitalization of state-owned assets and promote its benign flow through many ways, such as state-owned capital, collective capital, cross shareholding of non-public capital and integration. At the same time, the mixed ownership economy also provides a system basis for the formation of a higher level of cooperation between the public sector, the non-public sector and the joint-venture and cooperative economy with state-owned and collective components. In the primary stage of socialism, public ownership and non-public ownership are unified in the development of socialist modernization. They show the relationship between common promotion and common development. After 30 years of development, the non-public economy has become an important part of the socialist market economy from the added status, is the basis and impetus for economic and social development of contemporary Chinese: private economy and public economy with the development of the productive forces the bear, China for the contemporary development of socialist market economy and economic growth into the lasting vitality the non-public sector of the economy; made outstanding contributions to promoting regional economic development; to promote the non-public economy to establish and perfect the socialist market economic system, to promote the society will play an important role in the construction of harmonious society. At present and in a long period of time, the non-public economy will be the strongest and most stable driving force for the development of the national economy. In many places, the non-public sector of the economy actively participates in the reorganization and transformation of state-owned enterprises to achieve complementary advantages and promote the successful transformation of state-owned enterprises.
In 2013, the national state-owned enterprises achieved a 5.9% year-on-year increase in profits, and the growth rate continued to slow, but on the whole it is still running smoothly in a reasonable range. Especially in the profits of local state-owned enterprises experienced negative growth in the three quarter, the fourth quarter of three consecutive months of positive growth, it is not easy. It is one of the important tasks of this year's economic work to deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises and continuously strengthen the vitality, control and influence of the state-owned economy. In the first half of last year, the profits of local state-owned enterprises fell 10.6% year on year, and have been in negative growth. As China's economy stabilizes, the profits of local state-owned enterprises have gradually recovered. Before the three quarter decline narrowed to 2.4%, 1-10 months, the local state-owned enterprises profit from negative to positive; by the end of December, the local state-owned enterprises total annual profits year-on-year growth of 2.7%, an increase of expanding. We should also see the growth of state-owned enterprises total profit in 2013 fall, show that China's economy is in some deep-seated contradictions to be resolved, economic growth also need to cultivate. For example, the profits of the nonferrous metals, chemical industry and coal industry decreased a lot, which is related to the overcapacity of these industries and the increase of environmental investment. In order to solve these problems, we need to speed up the transformation, adjust the structure and deepen the reform in an all-round way. At present, many provinces and cities have taken action to deepen the reform of state-owned enterprises. At the end of last year, Shanghai first announced the "20 reform of state-owned state-owned enterprises", and Guangdong, Chongqing, Beijing and other state-owned enterprises reform programs were also brewing. In the state-owned assets management system, realize the fundamental transformation of pipe to pipe capital asset based, to promote the state capital more for important industries and key areas of relationship between national security and national economy, accelerate the strategic adjustment of the layout structure of the state-owned economy, to safeguard national economic security, national security, energy security, food security, and increase the investment in public service enterprises, especially to make a greater contribution in the provision of public services. This means that the investment and operation of state-owned capital should play the leading role of the state economy, serve the national strategic goal and bear more social responsibility. The national security is more secure, the economic and social development is healthier, and the development results will benefit all the people more and more fairly and more.